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  BlackState.com's Department of Re-Education

The Department of Re-Education is the agency of the BlackState that examines education in the black world and the measures needed to re-educate the black world. Discussions include Africancentered education, the economics of education and development and education as they relate to the black world.

For more educational resources on BlackState visit the Featured Columnist Page with the written words of Malcolm, King, Nkrumah, Sojourner, Douglass and More

Visit The New Black History Month Page by BlackState.com Black History Month Resources Articles and Features

Click Here To Visit The Black History Month Resource Center

Woodson Black History 24/7 On BlackState.com

In 1926, Carter G. Woodson founded Negro History Week, which was to raise awareness to the contributions of people of African descent made to world history. It was observed in black schools, churches and YMCAs around the country. But over the decades, Woodson's idea has blossomed into a celebration of African-American culture that became Black History Month in 1976 to coincide with the nation's bicentennial. Black history month is now being celebrated by diverse communities in the United States and throughout the world.

Woodson believed that historians had whitewashed the contributions blacks have made to the world. His idea was that Negro History Week and, later, Black History Month -- would revise what we know about the world we live in advocating similar arguments that proponents of African-centered education say today. Click here to read more about Carter G. Woodson

You can find Black History on BlackState.com 24/7:

Malcolm X - By Any Means Necessary CLICK HERE

James Baldwin's great essay Unnameable Object Unspeakable Crimes CLICK HERE


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Black History Month Does Not End With Black President

The idea advocated by some that Black History Month should now cease because America has an African American president does not make much sense. One is actually not sure what one has to do with the other. Obama's victory and presidency is undoubtedly historic but the teaching of the trials and tribulations of people of African descent in America should not end due to one's election. As the teaching of the British Empire and European centered civilization did not cease with Bush's presidency. CONTINUE


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Previous Features:
WILLIE LYNCH'S SPEECH ON HIS METHODS FOR CONTROLLING SLAVES

Gentlemen:

I greet you here on the bank of the James River in the year of Our Lord one thousand seven hundred and twelve. First, I shall thank you The Gentlemen of the Colony of Virginia for bringing me here. I am here to help you solve some of your problems with slaves. Your invitation reached me on my modest plantation in the West Indies where I have experimented with some of the newest and still oldest methods for control of slaves. Ancient Rome would envy us if my program is implemented. As our boat sailed south on the James River, named for our illustrious King, whose version of the Bible we cherish, I saw enough to know that your problem is not unique. While Rome used cords of wood as crosses for standing human bodies along its old highways in great numbers, you are here using the tree and the rope on occasion.

I caught the whiff of a dead slave hanging from a tree a couple miles back. You are not only losing valuable stock by hanging, you are having uprisings, slaves are running away, your crops are sometimes left in the field too long for maximum profit, you suffer occasional fires, your animals are killed, gentlemen, you know what your problems are; I do not need to elaborate. I am not here to enumerate your problems, I am here to introduce you to a method of solving them. CONTINUE


Triumph Unmasked: Why We Celebrate Black History? A tribute to our past, present and future. Here’s to the winner in all of us by Peggy Butler

The history of a noble race, running roughshod over bondage, obstacles and time eternal. Fearless, proud and infinitely hopeful, that is the essence of our heritage. In honoring Black America we celebrate the rebirth of the nation’s most maligned ethnic group.

We celebrate the present by expounding on our achievements and reliving great moments from the past. We celebrate our ancestors who toiled in the midday sun, under the sweltering heat of oppression. Exhausted, their hands covered with abrasions from the cotton’s prickly thorns, they refused to buckle under the indignation, creating courage of the highest magnitude.

We celebrate the legacy of Marcus Garvey, Frederick Douglass and W.E.B. Dubois, crying out against injustice. We celebrate the NAACP, National Urban League and Southern Christian Leadership Conference in their crusade to remove the insufferable stench of racism gone awry.

We celebrate the strength of Harriet Tubman, Sojourner Truth and Ida Wells-Barnett, women of unrelenting persistence, rebelling against the savagery of hate and inhumanity. Continue



Back To School Back To The Little White Lies

Let the brainwashing began again. Most American school children are indoctrinated with European thoughts ideas and values. A Eurocentric education is one in which Europe and western thought is the foundation, focus, the center upon which all others revolve. In essence, the history of the world is merely a study of Europeans in the world and their interactions with other peoples. This is what students in American schools are taught. They are taught that European and western thought is superior to all others and furthermore, the rest of mankind has done little to advance human civilization. This narrow thinking and fake scholarship has done an incredible amount of damage to African Americans, who are taught this in school houses everyday. African Americans are unable to see themselves in what they’re being taught and are often bored and uninterested in what is being taught. They see themselves as objects rather than subjects of history. African Americans are taught this, “You have done nothing. You are nothing. You will always be nothing.” This is often the beginning of a deadly cycle, dropping out of school, unemployment, crime, drugs, jail/death. Africans and African Americans have made many significant contributions to the world, and these contributions should not be marginalized, ignore or placed into the shortest month of the year.

Fortunately, many African American scholars within the last 15 years have begun to tear down the racist wall of Eurocentrism and build a curriculum based on Afrocentrism. Afrocentrism is viewing the world through African eyes for African Americans. It entails placing Africans at the center of what is being taught. This change of perspective provides a transforming new world for African Americans and white students alike. It allows African Americans, who have long been denied the opportunity to learn about themselves, to have a true understanding of where they came from, that they were not just slaves who were then freed. Of course this change of perspective and thinking is met with a considerable amount of criticism. One criticism is that Afrocentrism simply wants to replace Eurocentrism as the dominant doctrine of educating. I will go into greater detail about this later, but there are many differences between Eurocentrism and Afrocentrism. The fundamental problem of Eurocentrism is that it poses as a universal view of philosophy, psychology, education, anthropology and history, whereas in actuality it is simply one perspective amongst many in the world as the Afrocentrist believe. Eurocentric traditionalist are, as Dr. Molefe Kete Asante, one of the foremost scholars of Afrocentrism, states in his work The Afrocentric Idea, “captives of a peculiar arrogance, the arrogance of not knowing what it is that they do not know, yet they speak as if they know what all of us need to know. To know the African foundations of human societies would be to possess a built in check on such arrogance.” (Asante p.5) Afrocentrism is about placing oneself in the center of what is being taught. It is based on an ancient Egyptian philosophy of holism. Holism is a view in which one views the universe, all reality from a single principle, called the Nun. The Nun is both spiritual and physical from which flows the universe, gods, humans heavens and Earth. Furthermore this view claims that all reality is a unity and are thus connected to one another.


The Library of Black State is Coming Soon! For Now View Historical Documents Relating To The Black World Experience

Documents such as:

EMANCIPATION IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
April 16, 1862

Fellow-Citizens of the Senate and House of Representatives:

The act entitled "An act for the release of certain persons held in service or labor in the District of Columbia" has this day been approved and signed.

I have never doubted the constitutional authority of Congress to abolish slavery in this District, and I have ever desired to see the national capital freed from the institution in some satisfactory way. Hence there has never been in my mind any question upon the subject except the one of expediency, arising in view of all the circumstances. If there be matters within and about this act which might have taken a course or shape more satisfactory to my judgment, I do not attempt to specify them. I am gratified that the two principles of compensation and colonization are both recognized and practically applied in the act.

In the matter of compensation, it is provided that claims may be presented within ninety days from the passage of the act, "but not thereafter;" and there is no saving for minors, femes covert, insane or absent persons. I presume this is an omission by mere oversight, and I recommend that it be supplied by an amendatory or supplemental act.

ABRAHAM LINCOLN




King BLACK HISTORY MONTH

Once Again its time for Black History Month the time of the year when thousands of school children across the U.S. dedicate less than 28 days to the study of a people who began civilization. From science to mathematics to art and politics those who originate from the African continent ruled this planet. But those who espouse Black History will teach scholarship resembling crap, "a people who were once slave and then became free." One sentence.

Black History is world history it is the history that should be taught in school children around the world not some hollywood manufactured version of history that begins with the rise of the so called British Empire. Black History goes so far back European scholars deem it "pre-history" whatever that means. Black people did not only start civilization they spread it through out the world. See works by Ivan Van Sertima author of They Came Before Columbus outlining in incredible detail (sometimes relying on Columbus' own diary accounts) the African presence in modern day Latin America. Compare the pyramids in Egypt to the temples in Mexico and Peru and India. Don't listen to us do your own investigating be prepared to challenge what you have been indoctrined to believe to be true. The truth is out there.

This Black History Month pay homage to the African Diaspora, Black poeple throughout the world not just Martin Luther King, Jr., Malcolm X and Frederick Douglass. Pay respect to Patrice Lumumba, Kwame Nkrumah, Amilcar Cabral, Mansa Musa, Ramses, the Olmec civilization and the struggle of people of color throughout the world fighting poverty and economic oppression.


The Meaning of King



Most people believe that Malcolm X changed toward the end of his life. He recognized that not all white people were not devils but that the racial caste system in America made them act as devils toward people of color. But to what extent did Martin Luther King, Jr. change toward the end of his life. The general perception is that King, undoubtedly a great leader and advocate of non-violent social change remained that until his death. However a close analysis of his final speaches reveals a different leader. One who in some thoughts sounds like Malcolm himself. Here is King in his final speech talking about economic empowerment in the Black community:

"Now the other thing we'll have to do is this: Always anchor our external direct action with the power of economic withdrawal. Now, we are poor people, individually, we are poor when you compare us with white society in America. We are poor. Never stop and forget that collectively, that means all of us together, collectively we are richer than all the nation in the world, with the exception of nine. Did you ever think about that? After you leave the United States, Soviet Russia, Great Britain, West Germany, France, and I could name the others, the Negro collectively is richer than most nations of the world. We have an annual income of more than thirty billion dollars a year, which is more than all of the exports of the United States, and more than the national budget of Canada. Did you know that? That's power right there, if we know how to pool it."

No, King never went as far to advocate "any means necessary" to free the black world. But the extent in which his philosophy was evoloving and where it would have gone we will never know. More

African American Art by Richard Powell
Excerpted from AFRICANA: THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE AFRICAN AND AFRICAN AMERICAN EXPERIENCE, SECOND EDITION. Edited by Henry Louis Gates Jr. and Kwame Anthony Appiah. (Oxford University Press; April 2005)

Painting, sculpture, graphic arts, and crafts developed by people of African descent in the United States and thematically and stylistically informed by African American culture.

article continues below


The term African American art means different things to different people. For some the term designates a largely racial phenomenon, describing all artistic products—paintings, sculptures, graphic arts, crafts, architecture, etc.—created by North Americans of African descent. For others the preceding definition fails to take into account the cultural, in addition to the racial, implications of the term. For this latter group African American art refers to the artistic and visual products not just of North Americans of African descent but of many peoples whose work has been shaped thematically, stylistically, formally, and theoretically by the confluence of black Atlantic cultures—folkways and traditions formed as a result of the TRANSATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE and further developed during alternating periods of colonialism, emancipation, discrimination, and self-assertion. For our purposes the concept of African American art moves freely between these two definitions, providing readers with both the breadth of such an idea and the possibilities for an object-centered and culturally informed definition.

Arts and Crafts during the Colonial, Federalist, and Antebellum Years

During America’s infancy (in the period between the 1600s and the early 1800s), what one could describe as African American art indeed embraced a range of forms and definitions. A small drum, several wrought-iron figures, dozens of ceramic face vessels, and a few examples of domestic architecture found among enslaved black communities in the southern United States have been singled out for their similarities with comparable crafts, functional objects, and structures in West and Central Africa. In contrast, black artisans like the New England–based engraver SCIPIO MOORHEAD and the Baltimore portrait painter Joshua Johnson created art that, despite occasional portrayals of black subjects, was conceived in a thoroughly western European fashion. Other workshop- or academically-trained African American artists prior to the American Civil War (1861–1865)—New Yorkers Patrick Reason and William Simpson, Philadelphian Robert Douglass, and the New Orleans– and Paris-based brothers Daniel and Eugene Warburg—also created works of art that were indistinguishable from those of white printmakers, painters, and sculptors. CONTINUE
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